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亚搏全站|运动队集体测体能 用体能卡成绩到底有没有必要?

The topic of physical fitness test has been popular before, but Huocheng is the first time...

体能测试的话题以前很流行,但活城是第一次...

In the past few days, various national sports teams have intensively carried out physical fitness tests and used them as a topic for measuring competition results, which has aroused public attention and heated discussions among netizens, and continued to appear in the hot search. It is a good thing that sports are hot, but this "out of the circle" is accompanied by no small controversy.

在过去的几天中,各个国家运动队都进行亚搏体育比分直播视频了严格的体能测试,并将其作为衡量比赛成绩的主题,引起了公众的关注和网民的热烈讨论,并继续出现在热门搜索中。运动很热是一件好事,但是伴随着这种“圈外”的亚搏全站争议却不小。

Wang Jian Jiahe’s hot search tags have been read by 200 million, and discussions have reached 65,000.

王建佳和的热门搜索标签已被2亿读者阅读,讨论量已达到65,000。

For example, in the National Swimming Championships held in Qingdao these days, five athletes, including Fu Yuanhui, Wang Jian Jiahe, and Yu Hexin, who ranked first in the preliminaries, all missed the final due to low physical test scores. It is worth mentioning that Wang Jian Jiahe also broke the women's 1500m Asian record with a time of 15 minutes 45.59 in the competition.

例如,在这几天在青岛举行的全国游泳锦标赛上,在预赛中排名第一的付远辉,王建佳和,于和欣等五名运动员都因为体检分数低而错过了决赛。值得一提的是,王健佳禾也在比赛中以15分钟45.59的成绩打破了女子1500m的亚洲纪录。

In the women’s 200m freestyle preliminaries that ended on the evening of the 29th, Wang Jian Jiahe ranked third with a time of 1:58.45, but again because

在29日晚举行的女子200m自由泳预赛中,王健嘉禾以1:58.45的时间排名第三,但这又是因为

The reason for this deviation from external perceptions is the new regulations issued by the Swimming Center of the State General Administration of Sports for this event-this event includes physical fitness competitions and swimming competitions.

背离外部观念的原因是国家体育总局游泳中心针对这项赛事发布的新规定-该赛事包括体能比赛和游泳比赛。

The top 16 athletes in the preliminaries are ranked according to their physical fitness scores, and the top 8 athletes in the physical competition enter the final. This rule means that only players who meet the top 8 physical test rankings and the top 16 preliminaries can enter the finals.

预赛中排名前16位的运动员根据其身体素质得分进行排名,而体赛中排名前8位的运动员进入决赛。此规则意味着只有达到前8名身体测试排名和前16名预赛的球员才能进入决赛。

If the physical test scores do not rank in the top 8, you can only accept the eliminated result.

如果物理考试成绩未排在前8位,则您只能接受淘汰的结果。

In the women's 1500m freestyle final of the 18th Asian Games, Chinese player Wang Jian Jiahe won the championship with a time of 15 minutes 53.68 seconds. Photo by China News Agency reporter Du Yang

在第18届亚运会女子1500m自由泳决赛中,中国选手王健佳禾以15分53.68秒的时间获得冠军。中国新闻社记者杜阳摄

In fact, it is not only the swimming event that "stands" to the C position in this physical fitness test discussion, similar situations have also occurred in the national gymnastics championships held these days.

实际上,在这次体能测试中,不仅游泳运动“站”到C位置,而且在最近举行的全国体操锦标赛中也发生了类似的情况。

Because too many athletes were eliminated due to poor physical fitness tests, in the finals of the women's horse vaulting competition, only 5 people were left participating (normally 8 people). As a result, the bottom-to-last player in the qualifying round was "added" to the final due to his outstanding performance in the physical fitness test.

由于体能测试不力导致淘汰了太多运动员,因此在女子跳马决赛中,只有5人参加比赛(通常为8人)。结果,由于他在体能测试中的出色表现,在排位赛中倒数第二的球员被“添加”到了决赛中。

This directly led to a great reduction in the level of competition in the finals. Some athletes even chose ultra-simple moves with a difficulty coefficient of only 2.0, and got the 5th in the country... and such moves appeared in the finals of the national championships, and it was unavoidable to be embarrassing.

这直接导致了总决赛比赛水平的大大降低。一些运动员甚至选择了难度系数仅为2.0的超简单动作,并在全国排名第5位……这些动作出现在全国锦标赛的决赛中,这不可避免地令人尴尬。

In the final of the National Gymnastics Championships, the difficulty coefficient was only 2.0.

在全国体操锦标赛的决赛中,难度系数仅为2.0。

Also in the National Fencing Championships held on the 29th, none of the women's heavy team champions in the 2019 World Championships was shortlisted in the top 8. Among them, Sun Yiwen and Lin Sheng stopped in the top 16 due to physical fitness tests.

同样在29日举行的全国击剑锦标赛中,在2019年世锦赛上没有女子重队冠军入围前8名。其中,孙逸文和林胜由于体能测试而进入前16名。

After the game, the famous Sun Yiwen posted on social media, saying that he would "practice his physical fitness."

比赛结束后,著名的孙逸文在社交媒体上发帖称,他将“练习身体健康”。

孙一文社交媒体截图

孙一文社交媒体截图

Netizens have completely blown up these things that "do not meet previous cognition".

网民完全炸毁了这些“不符合先前认知”的东西。

Some netizens said: "Physical fitness can be used as a part of performance, but it is really too absolute as the only thing that determines life and death. After all, physical fitness is to assist professional, and professional still depends on performance. Physical fitness can affect performance, but physical fitness cannot determine performance. "There are specializations in the technical industry, and the athletes who specialize in special training have different muscles..."

有网友说:“体能可以作为表现的一部分,但作为决定生死的唯一因素,它实在是太绝对了。毕竟,体能是对职业的帮助,职业仍然取决于表现。体能会影响运动表现,但身体适应能力不能决定运动表现。“技术行业有专长,专长训练的运动员的肌肉各不相同……”

Some netizens also held a positive attitude, saying that exercise and physical fitness are inseparable, and that professional things are still left to professional people.

一些网民也持积极态度,说运动和身体健康是密不可分的,专业的事情仍然留给专业人士。

Comment screenshot

评论截图

So, what do professionals think?

那么,专业人士怎么看?

In this regard, Chen Xiaoping, a researcher at the Institute of Physical Education of the State General Administration of Sports who has been committed to the physical training of sports teams for a long time, said that physical fitness is an important factor in determining athletes' special performance.

对此,国家体育总局体育学院研究员陈小平长期致力于运动队的体育锻炼,他说,身体健康是决定运动员运动能力的重要因素。特别的表演。

"For competitive sports training, physical fitness is divided into basic physical fitness and specific physical fitness. For a long time, there has been a phenomenon in my country's training industry that emphasizes specific physical fitness over basic physical fitness. To change this problem, it is important to change consciousness and follow science." Chen Xiaoping Say.

“在竞技体育训练中,身体适应能力分为基本身体适应能力和特定身体适应能力。长期以来,我国的训练业出现了一种现象,强调特定身体适应能力胜于基本身体适应能力。要解决这个问题,对于改变意识和遵循科学很重要。”陈小平说。

Liu Aijie, chairman of the Chinese Rowing Association and the Chin亚搏体育比分直播视频ese Canoeing Association, said in an interview with the media: "With the development of society, the growth channel of sports talents in my country no longer has the perfect'three-level training network' as in the past, especially the physical shortcomings. The shortcomings of basic physical fitness are more prominent than ever."

中国赛艇协会和中国皮划艇协会理事长刘爱杰在接受媒体采访时说:“随着社会的发展,我国体育人才的增长渠道已不再具有完善的“三级”培训网络。 “像过去一样,尤其是身体方面的缺陷。基本身体健康方面的缺陷比以往任何时候都更加突出。”

Liang Chun, director of the Shooting Center of the State Sports General Administration, believes that during the Tokyo Olympic cycle, the introduction of some new rules also puts forward higher requirements on athletes' physical fitness. For example, the Olympic shooting event increased the number of bullets in the competition, the flying saucer event increased the number of targets, and a mixed team event was added. As a result, the competition time of athletes was extended, and some excellent athletes could even take part in three events.

国家体育总局射击中心主任梁春认为,在东京奥运会期间,一些新规定的出台也对运动员的身体素质提出了更高的要求。例如,奥林匹克射击比赛增加了比赛的子弹数量,飞碟比赛增加了目标的数量,并且增加了混合团体比赛。结果,延长了运动员的比赛时间,一些优秀的运动员甚至可以参加三项比赛。

"These have put forward higher requirements for athletes, especially high-level athletes, for their specific strength, endurance, and balance ability. Strengthening basic physical training is for athletes to improve their skills, temper their will and quality, maintain their mental state, and prevent injuries and diseases. All are very beneficial." Liang Chun said.

“这些对运动员,特别是高水平运动员的特殊力量,耐力和平衡能力提出了更高的要求。加强基础体育锻炼是为了提高运动员的技能,锻炼意志和素质,保持精神状态,并预防伤害和疾病。所有这些都是非常有益的。”梁淳说。

In response to Wang Jian Jiahe’s performance in the swimming championship, Song Kai, director of the Liao亚搏体育比分直播视频ning Provincial Sports Bureau, said that Wang Jian Jiahe has been training in Liaoning for nearly half a year. She is 1.86 meters tall and it is not easy to pull up. However, her pull-ups in this national championship physical test were full marks, indicating that her physical training was very hard, and her ability to break the record in the competition this time reflects the effect of the previous physical training.

辽宁省体育局局长宋凯回应王建佳在游泳锦标赛中的表现时说,王建佳已在辽宁训练了将近半年。她身高1.86米,不容易站起来。但是,她在这项全国冠军体育锻炼中的全能成绩是满分,表明她的体育锻炼非常艰苦,而且她这次在比赛中打破纪录的能力反映了以前体育锻炼的效果。

But at the same time, it can be seen that her physical development is still not balanced and needs to be further strengthened next. Song Kai said: "Wang Jian Jiahe is a talented athlete. We have high expectations and high requirements for her. Next, we will explore ways to enhance basic physical fitness and specific physical fitness based on the project and personal characteristics."

但与此同时,可以看出她的身体发育仍不平衡,接下来需要进一步加强。宋凯说:“王健嘉是一名才华横溢的运动员。我们对她抱有很高的期望和要求。接下来,我们将根据项目和个人特点,探索提高基本身体素质和特定身体素质的方法。”

Data map: Badminton team members conduct physical fitness test. Photo courtesy of China Badminton Association

数据图:羽毛球队成员进行身体素质测试。图片由中国羽毛球协会提供

With the National Day period, more and more sports competitions will start one after another, and it is foreseeable that the discussion on physical fitness testing will continue.

随着国庆节的到来,越来越多的体育比赛将陆续展开,可以预见的是,有关体能测试的讨论将继续进行。

But in any case, as a professional athlete, having sufficient physical reserves is always a necessary condition. From this perspective, the original intention of pulling physical fitness is not wrong. If a breakthrough is made in physical fitness, it will also help athletes to achieve better rankings.

但是无论如何,作为职业运动员,拥有足够的身体储备始终是必要条件。从这个角度来看,提高身体素质的初衷没有错。如果身体素质取得突破,也将帮助运动员取得更好的排名。

But from another perspective, does the combination of physical fitness testing and competition now need to be adjusted? As Yu Hongchen, vice chairman of the Chinese Athletics Association, said, the association will not only design and launch the 2.0 version of the relevant standards, but also launch a more advanced version 3.0 for the design of the national team world championship model.

但是从另一个角度来看,现在是否需要调整体能测试和比赛的结合?正如中国田径协会副主席于洪辰所说,该协会不仅将设计和发布相关标准的2.0版本,还将发布用于国家队世锦赛模型设计的更高级的3.0版本。

The reporter learned that the competent department has planned to "prescribe different prescriptions for different projects" in the future. There are also media reports that relevant departments have collected opinions from multiple parties, listened to feedback, absorbed suggestions, and incorporated them into the next reform plan, continuously improving the physical fitness evaluation system, and guiding training and competition more scientifically and rationally, so that actual recruitment can be implemented and good deeds. Run well.

记者了解到,主管部门计划在未来“针对不同项目制定不同处方”。还有媒体报道,有关部门已经收集了多方意见,听取了反馈意见,吸收了建议,并将其纳入下一个改革计划,不断完善体质评价体系,更加科学合理地指导培训和竞争。可以实施实际的招聘和良好的行为。好好跑

It is worth noting that, also on September 29, the "National Physical Training Camp Base" was officially listed. In the future, it will undertake the physical training needs of the national teams for summer and winter events, and help each team conduct more scientific and efficient preparation training. At the same time, the "National High-level Sports Performance Coach Training Camp" will be held.

值得注意的是,同样在9月29日,“国家体育训练营基地”也正式上市。将来,它将承担国家队夏季和冬季比赛的身体训练需求,并帮助每个队进行更科学和有效的准备训练。同时,还将举办“全国高水平运动表演教练训练营”。


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